Effects of intravenous lignocaine on anaesthetic parameters in cattle under dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-ketaminemidazolam- isofluraneanaesthesia
V. Jayakrishnan, S. Sudheesh Nair, Reji Varghese, Soumya Ramankutty, Preethy John and K. D. John Martin
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.2023.54(1):198-203
Received: 08.11.2022 Accepted: 29.12.2022 Published online: 31.03.2023
The present study was conducted for clinical evaluation of a multimodal anaesthetic protocol using butorphanol-dexmedetomidine-midazolam-ketamine-isoflurane and lignocaine continuous rate infusion (CRI) in six cross-bred female cattle. Preanaesthetics used were butorphanol and dexmedetomidine which were administered intravenously at dose rates of 0.05 mg/kg and 1 μg/ kg body weight, respectively. Ketamine and midazolam were intravenously administered at dose rates of 4.0 and 0.2 mg/kg body weight respectively, to induce anaesthesia. Isoflurane was used to maintain anaesthesia after endotracheal intubation, at a concentration of 1.05 ± 0.97 per cent concentration in 100 per cent oxygen using a large animal anaesthesia machine. Simultaneously, intravenous lignocaine was administered at a bolus dose of 2 mg/kg body weight followed by a CRI of 3 mg/kg body weight/hour using a volumetric infusion pump. Isoflurane sparing effect of intravenous lignocaine reduced the required concentration of isoflurane for maintenance. The third plane of surgical anaesthesia was maintained and various surgical procedures were done. Recovery was smooth. Other than the mild regurgitation of ruminal fluid in an animal, no anaesthetic complications were noticed.
Key words: Cattle, lignocaine, isoflurane sparing