RESEARCH ARTICLES

Effect of supplementation of differentially treated banana inflorescence on intestinal morphology in broiler birds
K. Ambili, Deepa Ananth, Biju Chacko, S. Senthil Murugan, H. S. Patki, K. P. Surjith, Abdul Muneer and T. K. Dinsha

doi: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2023.54.2.393-403

Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.2023.54(2):393-403

Author Details

K. Ambili MVSc Scholar, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences,Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India.

A. Deepa : Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur-680651, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India.

Biju Chacko :  Associate Professor and Head, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India.

S. Senthil Murugan : Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India.

H. S. Patki : Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India

K. P. SurjithAssistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India 

Abdul Muneer : Assistant Professor, Department of Poultry Science, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India

T. K. DinshaMVSc Scholar, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences,Pookode, Wayanad – 673 576, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kerala, India.

Article History

Received: 09.11.2022 Accepted: 07.03.2023 Published online: 30.06.2023

Corresponding author: Deepa Ananth

e-mail :  adeepa@kvasu.ac.in,

CitationAmbili, K., Deepa, A., Biju C., Senthil M.S., Patki, H.S., Surjith, K.P., Muneer, A. and Dinsha, T.K. 2023. Effect of supplementation of differentially treated banana inflorescence on intestinal morphology in broiler birds. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 54(2):396-403

DOI: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2023.54.2.396-403



Abstract


A study was conducted on 96 Vencobb 430, day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effect of steam treatment on banana inflorescence supplementation as prebiotic on intestinal morphology. The birds were randomly assigned into three treatment groups having four replicates with eight birds per replicate and assigned control diet, formulated in accordance with BIS recommendation to control (T1) group and with supplementation of 0.5% dried banana inflorescence (T2 group) or 0.5% steam treated banana inflorescence (T3 group). After 42 days of feeding trial, the live weight was significantly higher in T3 and T2 than control. Two birds from each replicate were sacrificed to study the intestinal morphometry and pH. The weight of intestine varied significantly (p<0.01) between the treatments and was higher in T3 while the per cent of intestinal weight did not differ significantly. Intestinal morphometry revealed that the villus height was significantly (p<0.01) higher in duodenum, jejunum, and caecum in T3 and ileum in T2. The crypt depth was significantly (p<0.01) higher in jejunum, ileum and caeca in T3 and T2 in duodenum. Caecal crypt depth showed significantly (p< 0.01) low value in T2. Ileal crypt depth ratio was significantly (p<0.01) higher in T2 while the caecum crypt depth was significantly(p<0.01) high in T3. It is concluded that banana inflorescence influenced the gut morphometry in broilers.

Keywords: Banana inflorescence, Lactobacillus, histomorphometry