Training needs of dairy farm instructors in fodder production and management
N Vimal Raj Kumar, R S Jiji and P J Rajkamal

Department of Veterinary & Animal Husbandry Extension, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy-680 651, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.2013. 44:46-50.

Open Access

Copyright: © 2013  N Vimal Raj Kumar This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The study was carried out on the training needs of Dairy Farm Instructors (DFIs) of the Dairy Development Department of Kerala. The data were collected from a sample of 75 DFIs by means of structured questionnaires. Knowledge and skill needs were assessed in the subject matter area of fodder production and management. Knowledge (78.99) and skill (78.99) needs of fodder production ranked first followed by knowledge (77.55) and skill (76.44) needs of fodder preservation. Under fodder production, knowledge (82.66) and skill (80.88) needs of fodder disease management and fertilizer application ranked first. The most preferred type of training was institutional learning (58.67%). Practice in demonstration (76.00%) was the most preferred method of training. Experts from outside the parent organization were the most preferred trainers (58.64%). The most preferred durations for short term and long term training programmes were one to seven days (76%) and fifteen days to one month (48%) respectively.

Key words:

Training needs, Dairy Farm Instructors, Dairy Development Department, Dairy extension, Training strategy.