Toxicity of ethylene glycol monomethyl ether on reproduction parameters and histomorphological changes in Wistar rats
Satish T. Panchal, Kauresh D. Vachhrajani, Parimal Solanki, Piyush Patel
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.2021. 52(1):65-72.
Satish T. Panchal: PhD Scholar, Department of Zoology, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara 390002 M S University of Vadodara, India.
Kauresh D. Vachhrajani: Professor, Department of Zoology and Head (Offg) Department of Environmental Studies, M S University of Baroda, India.
Parimal Solanki: Manager, Department of Toxicology, Sun Pharma Advanced Research Co Ltd., India.
Piyush Patel: Pathologist, Department of Toxicology, Sun Pharma Advanced Research Co Ltd, India.
Received: 09.12.2020, Accepted: 26.12.2020, Published online: 01.01.2021
Corrersponding author: Satish T. Panchal
Citation: Satish, T. P., Kauresh, D. V., Parimal, A. S. and Piyush, P. 2021.Toxicity of Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether on reproduction parameters and histomorphological changes in Wistar Rats. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 52(1): 65-72.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether (EGME) on fertility and early embryonic development to implantation, following oral gavage to Wistar rats. EGME, which is a known testicular toxicant, was administered to male rats for four weeks and to female rats for two weeks prior to mating at dose levels of 20, 40 and 80mg/kg orally, once daily. Dosing was continued in males until sacrifice (Day 43) and in females until day six of gestation. Females were sacrificed on Day 15 of gestation and examined for implantation sites, viable fetuses and ovarian corpora lutea. Males were evaluated for sperm parameters as well as organ weight and histopathology of the reproductive tissues. At the end of dosing, the 80 mg/kg/day males had decreased weight and size of testes and epididymides which correlated with tubular atrophy of the testes and ductal atrophy plus reduced sperm in the epididymides. Testicular changes were less severe in the 40 mg/kg/day group, comprising Sertoli cell vacuolation, with degeneration and depletion of elongating spermatids and spermatid retention in the testes and lumenal cell debris in the epididymides. No testicular abnormalities were observed in the 20 mg/kg/day males but cell debris was present in the epididymal lumen. There was a dose related decrease in total sperm count and sperm viability (≥20 mg/kg/day) and sperm motility (≥40 mg/kg/day). The fertility index in the EGME dosed groups showed a dose-related decline and the time taken for females to conceive was increased.
Key words: EGME, testis, implantation, rats