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Gastrointestinal parasites of captive Asian elephants in Kerala
M.S. Punya, V.H. Shyma, V.C. Reshnu, K. Vijayakumar, K. Vinodkumar, R. Ambily and Arun Zachariah

doi: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2021.52.3.312-315 

Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.2021.52 (3):312-315

Author Details

M.S. PunyaM.V.Sc. scholar, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala – 680651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

V.H. Shyma: Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala – 680651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

V.C. Reshnu: Emergency Veterinary Officer, Nedumangad block, India.

K. Vijayakumar: Professor and Head, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala – 680651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

K. Vinodkumar: Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala – 680651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

R. Ambily:  Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Mannuthy, Thrissur, Kerala – 680651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

Arun ZachariahForest Veterinary Officer, Wayanad

Article History

Received: 01.03.2021 Accepted: 26.06.2021 Published: 30.09.2021

Corresponding author: M.S. Punya

e-mail: punya25sree@gmail.com

Citation: Punya, M.S., Shyma, V.H., Reshnu, V.C, Vijayakumar, K., Vinodkumar, K., Ambily, R. and Arun Zachariah. 2021. Gastrointestinal parasites of captive Asian elephants in Kerala. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 52(3): 312-315. DOI: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2021.52.3.312-315  

 

 



Abstract


Gastrointestinal parasitic infections invariably affect the health status of elephants and can cause disease and death in elephants. This study was conducted to assess the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI)parasitesof elephants in Kerala and to relate it to the deworming status. A total of 31 Asian elephants presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Mannuthy, those under private ownership (Thrissur) and forest department formed the basis of the study.It was observed that 32.2 per cent of elephants in the study were affected with GI parasites. High percentage of strongyle ova was observed followed by the mixed infection of strongyle and Strongyloides ova. Statistical analysis of haematological parameters were done by using student t test in SPSS version 24.0. The haematological studies of elephants infected with GI parasites revealed anaemia and eosinophilia.

Keywords: Elephant, gastrointestinal parasites, Kerala