Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences

Volume: 54 Issue: 4

  • Open Access
  • Research Article

A comprehensive study on effect of electrical stimulation on biophysical and biochemical parameters of spent hen meat using discriminant function analysis

C. O. Vinayananda1*, R. Narendra Babu2, V. Appa Rao3, A. Kalaikannan4, K. Vijayarani5 S. Ramesh6 and Serma Saravana Pandian7

1#Department of Livestock Products Technology (Meat Science), Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai-07, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Livestock Products Technology (Meat Science), Madras Veterinary College, TANUVAS, Chennai-07, Tamil Nadu, India 3 Directorate of Extension Education, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madhavaram Milk Colony, Chennai - 600051.Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Livestock Products Technology, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu, Thanjavur-614625, Tamil Nadu., Thanjavur-03, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Director of Research, TANUVAS, Chennai-07, Tamil Nadu, India
Department of Veterinary Pathology Madras Veterinary College, Chennai – 600 007, TANUVAS, Chennai-07, Tamil Nadu, India
7 Dept. of Animal Husbandry Economics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, TANUVAS, Chennai-07, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding author: [email protected], Ph. +91 81470 05804

Year: 2023, Page: 944-957, Doi: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2023.54.4.944-957

Received: March 13, 2023 Accepted: Aug. 22, 2023 Published: Dec. 31, 2023

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the effect of electrical stimulation (ES) on breast and thigh muscles in spent hen. A total of 24 spent hens (White Leghorn) were slaughtered and split into two halves, each half was either treated with postmortem ES (150V) or was used as a non-stimulated (NS) control. Breast and thigh muscles were excised and analysed for biophysical, colour and sensory qualities after ageing for 24 h at 4 ± 1 ˚C. Biochemical parameters were recorded immediately (0h) and after 24h of ES. Biophysical parameters like water holding capacity (WHC), protein extractability, shear force value (SFV) and myofibre fragmentation index (MFI) of both types of muscles varied significantly with ES. Electrical stimulation significantly reduced the pH and glycogen content in both muscles and the thigh muscle showed a significantly higher pH and lower glycogen content than the breast muscle. No significance difference in metabolic rate (R-value) was observed between ES and NS thigh at 24 h. ES had no significant effect on colour and ES significantly improved the sensory value of both breast and thigh muscle. Canonical discriminant and Mahalanobis distance (D2) analysis of biophysical and biochemical parameters demonstrated that the effect of electrical stimulation was comparatively more in thigh muscle than breast with an ageing period of 24 h.

Keywords: Electrical stimulation, spenthen, discriminant analysis, physicochemical properties

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Cite this article

Vinayananda, C.O., Narendra Babu, R., Rao, V.A., Kalaikannan, A., Vijayarani, K., Ramesh, S., Pandian, S.S. 2023. A comprehensive study on effect of electrical stimulation on biophysical and biochemical parameters of spent hen meat using discriminant function analysis. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 54(4):944-957

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