Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences

Volume: 54 Issue: 4

  • Open Access
  • Research Article

Antibiogram of Escherichia coli isolates obtained from cases of neonatal calf diarrhoea in Kerala#

Saritha Baby1, Chintu Ravishankar2*, Koshy John3, M. Mini4, S. Ajithkumar5 and P. Vinu David

#Part of PhD. thesis submitted by the first author to the Kerala Veterinary Animal Sciences University, Pookode, Wayanad.


1 PhD. scholar
2 Professor
3 Professor and Head
4 Senior Professor and Head
5 Professor and Head, Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Medicine
6 Associate Professor, Dept. of Veterinary Clinical Medicine


*Corresponding author: [email protected], Ph. 9447716620, 8301816720

Year: 2023, Page: 927-933, Doi: https://doi.org/10.51966/jvas.2023.54.4.927-933

Received: Dec. 22, 2022 Accepted: March 28, 2023 Published: Dec. 31, 2023

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine the antibiogram of Escherichia coli isolated from cases of neonatal calf diarrhoea in Thrissur and Wayanad districts of Kerala. A total of 101 isolates were tested for susceptibility against 12 antibiotics. The antibiotics to which the isolates were most susceptible were Streptomycin (49.51%) and Chloramphenicol (47%). The isolates showed varying degrees of susceptibility to the other antibiotics tested such as Enrofloxacin (8.92%), Ciprofloxacin (15.85%), Gentamicin (23.77%), Tetracycline (20.8%), Amoxicillin/sulbactam (8.92%), Co-trimoxazole (20.8%), and Nitrofuratonin (25.75%). All the isolates were resistant to Cefpodoxime, Penicillin G and Cefotaxime/Clavulanic acid. Many of the isolates were found to be multi-drug resistant which has serious implications for the control of these infections through antibiotic therapy.

Keywords: Antibiogram, Escherichia coli, neonatal calf diarrhoea, multi-drug resistance

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Cite this article

Baby, S., Ravishankar, C., John, K., Mini, M., Ajithkumar, S. and David, P.V. 2023. Antibiogram of Escherichia coli isolates obtained from cases of neonatal calf diarrhoea in Kerala. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 54(4):927-933

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