Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences

Volume: 55 Issue: 1

  • Open Access
  • Research Article

Minimal Invasive percutaneous tube cystostomy using three-way Foley Catheter for management of obstructive urolithiasis in goats

Amal Prakash, Sudheesh S Nair*, Soumya Ramankutty2, T. R. Sreekumar, P. Jishi Das1, K.D. John Martin and Syam K. Venugopal

1, 2. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Mannuthy, Thrissur - 680 651 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Kerala, India

3. Department of Veterinary Physiology

4. University Veterinary Hospital, Kokkalai

5. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology

*Corresponding author: [email protected], Ph. 7012782977

Year: 2024, Page: 47-52, Doi:

Received: Sept. 19, 2023 Accepted: Nov. 6, 2023 Published: March 31, 2024


Six clinical cases of obstructive urolithiasis in goats were chosen for this research, with the primary objective of establishing a standardised approach for minimally invasive percutaneous tube cystostomy using a three-way Foley catheter for urinary diversion. Furthermore, the study sought to assess the efficacy of urinary bladder irrigation in promptly reestablishing urethral patency. The diagnosis relied on clinical symptoms, physical examination, haematological and serum biochemical investigations, and ultrasound findings. All the animals underwent minimally invasive percutaneous tube cystostomy using a three-way Foley catheter, introduced with a custom-made forceps. This technique was refined and proven effective for treating cases of caprine obstructive urolithiasis with an intact bladder. Regular irrigation with an acidic Walpole’s solution (pH 4.5) aided in the timely dissolution of stones, leading to the swift restoration of urethral patency. On an average, urethral patency was reestablished within 17 days, and the subsequent removal of the catheter resulted in a smooth recovery in four out of six cases.

Keywords: Percutaneous tube cystostomy, obstructive urolithiasis, Walpole’s solution, three-way Foley catheter, struvite crystals


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Cite this article

Amal, P., Sudheesh, S.N., Soumya, R., Sreekumar, T.R., Jishi, D.P. Martin, K.D.J. and Syam, K.V. 2024. Minimal Invasive Percutaneous Tube Cystostomy using Three-Way Foley Catheter for Management of Obstructive Urolithiasis in Goats. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 55(1):47-52