Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences

Volume: 55 Issue: 1

  • Open Access
  • Short Communication

Retrospective study of clinical attributes related to uterine torsion in goats

Anju Aravind1, K. Promod1*, Leeba Chacko1, E.D. Benjamin2 and S. Sooryadas3

1. Department of Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode, Wayanad-673576 Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Kerala, India

2. Department of Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, CVAS, Mannuthy

3. Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, CVAS, Pookode

*Corresponding author: [email protected] , Ph. 9447213277

Year: 2024, Page: 206-211, Doi:

Received: Oct. 13, 2023 Accepted: Dec. 18, 2023 Published: March 31, 2024


Uterine torsion is one of the serious obstetrical maladies encountered in domestic animals. It is defined as the rotation of the uterus along its longitudinal axis. A retrospective study of uterine torsion among goats presented to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pookode was done during the period from January 2021 to July 2023. The overall incidence of uterine torsion was 19.62 per cent (21/107) out of total obstetrical cases attended during this period with higher occurrence reported in animals within the age group of one to two years (7/21,33.3%) and in pluriparous animals (11/21,52.4%). Also, animals with unicornual pregnancy and carried single foetus in utero contributed a greater proportion (15/21, 71.4%) to the occurrence of uterine torsion. More prevalence of pre-cervical (11/21, 52.4%), right sided (12/21, 57.14%) and ≤ 180 degree (11/21, 52.4%) uterine torsion was observed in the present study

Keywords: Uterine torsion, goats, incidence


Aubry, P., Warnick, L.D., DesCoteaux, L. and Bouchard, E. 2008. A study of 55 field cases of uterine torsion in dairy cattle. Can. Vet. J. 49: 366.

Balasopoulou, V., Zablotski, Y., Zerbe, H. and Voigt, K. 2022. Retrospective analysis of 302 ovine dystocia cases presented to a veterinary hospital with particular attention to uterine torsion. Vet. Med. Sci. 8: 1683-1693.

Baria, V.R., Chauhan, P.M., Suthar, B.N., Patel, R.M. and Prajapati, A.S. 2023. Retrospective Analysis of Clinical Attributes Related to Uterine Torsion in Goats. Ind. J. Vet. Sci. Biotech. 19: 23-27.

Chahar, S.K., Dholpuria, S. and Choudhary, A.K. 2018. Management of Uterine Torsion in Goat: A Case Report. Int. J. Appl. Engng. Res.13: 11034-11034.

Dalal, J., Sangwan, A., Yadav, R. and Dutt, R. 2022. Rare Case of Uterine Torsion in a Goat. Anim. Reprod. Update. 2: 25-27.

Frazer, G.S., Perkins, N.R. and Constable, P.D. 1996. Bovine uterine torsion: 164 hospital referral cases. Theriogenology46: 739-758.

Gupta, C., Murugan, M., Ganesan, A., Ramprabhu, R. and Kumar, S.S.2020. A retrospective study on dystocia and its management in goats. Ind. J. Small Rum. 26: 75-78.

Gupta, C., Murugan, M.,  Ramprabhu, R. and Kumar, S.S. 2021.  Uterine torsion in small ruminants - outcome and fertility following different management approaches. Ind. J. Small Rum. 27: 139-141.

Hegde, N.G., 2020. Goat development: An opportunity to strengthen rural economy in Asia and Africa. Asian J. Res. Anim. Vet. Sci. 5: 30-47.

Jayakumar, C., Promod, K. and Deepthi, V. 2013. Pre-cervical torsion of uterus in a Malabari doe. Ind. J. Anim. Reprod. 34: 1-2.

Manning, J., Marsh, P., Marshall, F., McCorkell, R., Muzyka, B. and Nagel, D. 1982. Bovine uterine torsion: a review illustrated by cases from the Western College of Veterinary Medicine Large Animal Clinic. Bovine Pract. 17: 94-98.

Mcsporran, K.D. 1980. Dystocia in Sheep. Current therapy in theriogenology. (2ndEd.). W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1143p.

Noakes, D.E., Parkinson, D.J. and England, G.C.W. 2009. Arthur’s Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. (9th Ed.). W.B. Saunders Company, 960p.

Periyannan, M., Selvaraju, M., Senthilkumar, K., Palanisamy, M., Gopikrishnan, D. and Varudharajan, V. 2021.Unusual incidence of uterine torsion in a mecheri ewe with bicornual twin pregnancy and its successful management. Pharma Innov. J. 10: 1-3.

Roberts, S.J. 1986.Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital diseases. (3rd Ed.). CBS Publishers, New Delhi, India, 231p.

Roberts, S.J.1971.Veterinary Obstetrics and Genital Diseases. (2nd Ed.). CBS Publishers, New Delhi, India, 776p.

Schonfelder, A., Richter, A. and Sobiraj, A. 2005. Stages of surgically incorrectable uterine torsion of cows: associations with clinical progress.  Tierarztliche Umschau. 60: 199-205.

Scott, P. 2011. Uterine torsion in the ewe.  UK Vet. Livestock. 16: 37-39.

Scott, P.R. 2012. Applications of diagnostic ultrasonography in small ruminant reproductive management. Anim. Reprod. Sci. 130: 184-186.

Selvaraju, M. and Karthic, C. 2020. Incidence, occurrence, predisposing factors and etiology of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 9: 1326-1333.

Sharma, A., Kumar, P., Singh, M. and Vasishta, N. 2014. Retrospective analysis of dystocia in small ruminants. Intas Polivet. 15: 287-289.

Sood, P., Singh, M., Vasistha, N.K. 2002. Uterine torsion in a goat. Ind. J .Anim. Reprod. 23: 203.

Srinivas, M., Sreenu, M., Rani, N.L., Naidu, K.S. and Prasad, V.D. 2007. Studies on dystocia in graded Murrah buffaloes: A retrospective study. Buffalo Bull. 26: 40-45.

Sudha, C.M., Unnikrishnan, M.P., Kurien, M.O., Abhilash, R.S. and Thirupathy, V. 2019. Doppler ultrasonographic evaluation of uterine torsion in does. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 50: 125-128.

Sudha, C.M. 2019. Significance of sonography and haemato-biochemistry in the diagnosis and prognosis of uterine torsion in does. M.V. Sc thesis, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Kerala, India, 96p.

Cite this article

Aravind, A., Promod, K., Chacko, L., Benjamin, E.D., Sooryadas, S. 2024. Retrospective study of clinical attributes related to uterine torsion in goats. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 55(1):206-211